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The Story of Adanse Akrokeri (PART 2)

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Photo Reporting: The Story of Adanse AkrokeriThe Story of Adanse Akrokeri (PART 2)

NANA ASARE BEDIAKO: He was a warrior King with exceptional ability to organize his people for warfare; he conquered Ntiamoa Amankuo of the Beretuo family who lived at Abusa near Dompoase, and made him head of the Akwamu Wing – his descendants still enjoy this privilege.

5. NANA ASARE BUTUO: He was modest, and had the most peaceful reign.

6. NANA ASARE KUMANIM: He evacuated with his people to ATUASE near the confluence of the Offin and Oda rivers (Adaboye); he introduced the musical play ‘amanmehwe’ or Atopre, performed for criminals awaiting execution; while at Atoase the Tekyiman under Ameyaw Kwakye (1712-1740) was attacked by Asante through Baafo Pim, the traitor.

7. NANA ASARE MINTIM: He spent most of his time on the battlefield, accompanied by his son, Awarade Basa.

8. NANA OTIBREKO ASARE: He amassed wealth and besides was so powerful that he fought the Denkyira hence, Mumumfi, without success. After his death the sword of Authority (‘Afena Kwao’) was handed to Awurade Basa thus all resident in Adanse transferred their alliance to him. The story is that Awurade had as his chief spokesman, Nkrafo (or Mfoafo) through whom he exercised his authority. He was intolerant to his subjects who were apprehensive to mention his name except that of his Okyeame. This gave rise to the saying ‘Yekase Nkrafo (Mfoafo) nsoyene Awarade Basa’, meaning ‘We complain against Nkrafo (Mfoafo) but we mean, however, Awarade Basa himself’. Be that as it may, Awarade Basa’s otherwise prosperous reign was marred by only one disaster. He marched against the eight Denkyirahene, Boadu Akafu Brempon, who completely destroyed Adanseman.

9. NANA OBEN ADUA: This time matrilineal system was ushered in. He continued to rule at ATUASE.

10-26. Little is known about the successive rulers.

27. NTORI BONKYI: He amassed great wealth, and he was able to pay ransom for his subjects in exile to enable them return home. HE MADE SEVERAL REGALIA WHICH EARNED HIM THE HONOUR OF REFERRING TO THE PRINCIPAL stool of Adanse - ‘Ntori Bonkyi Agua’.

28. DWAPANIN AFARI: In his reign the Denkyira moved from Tutumbe to the western border of Adanse and founded their famous capital Abankesieso by the Oda River near the present village of Abuakwa; he also became of solid gold.

29. ANTWI SAMPA PANIN: Through the recommendation of his hunters he made exodus with his people from Nyantaso, and established on the bank of the Akyerekyere Stream. It is the name of this stream with has been corrupted to AKROKERI and from which the settlement derived its name.

Finally, the policy of Nana Owusu Sampa III was essentially the continuation and fulfilment of the wishes of his predecessors that the occupant of the “Ntori Bonkyi Stool” occupies his proper place in society of chieftaincy and to regain its lost glory. Apparently, the restoration of the independence of Akrokeri from the subordinate position under Fomena was the object of this progressive chief. To achieve this, he forwarded a Resolution dated August 16, 1910 to the Fomenahene Kwabena. Fori through the Provincial Commissioner, Kumase, since he is reckoned among the principal Stools of clans in Asante (qv. Busia K.A. “The Position of the Chief in the Modern Political System in Ashanti”, 1958. P. 215).

Subsequently, in February, 1958, the Kwame Nkrumah Government elevated the status of the Akrokerihene to that of paramountcy”. This, according to Nana Owusu Sampah III, was based on history and traditions of the people. But in 1966, immediately after the Nkrumah government was toppled by the “Armed Forces and the Police”, the National Liberation Council (NLC) deemed the elevation of some chiefs traditionally unconstitutional, and without precedence. By decree, ‘Chieftaincy (Amendment) Decree No. 112 of 1966’, many Paramount Chiefs which included the Akrokerihene were degraded. He reverted to the subordinate rank of Ohene.

In pursuance of the Decree the Akrokerihene and his twenty-seven chiefs on December 22, 1966, petitioned the NLC through the Asantehene to confer upon Akrokeri State paramount Status to serve directly under the Asantehene.

Nana Owusu Sampah III, devoted much energy to the development of the state. In his reign was the establishment of a Teacher Training College in modern buildings. A Health Centre was built by the Government. He agitated for the insertion of the right of Akrokeri in the Ashanti Goldfield. Concession Agreement of 1987, and in pursuance of the Obuasi Concession, Nana Owusu Sampah III, in his capacity as the land owner, elected Kwasi Afoakwa as the Odikro of Obuasi.

The Story of Adanse Akrokeri (Part I)

*Source:The Spectator, Saturday, November 3, 2012, Page: 31



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